Red Oak

Quercus rubra, spp.

Red Oak is probably the most widely used and abundant hardwood in the eastern United States. Oak has a characteristic ring porous grain pattern; the wood is heavy, hard and stiff. The heartwood of Red Oak ranges in color from "wheat" to a "light honey," the sapwood is light off-white. Red Oak is prized in the manufacturing of furniture, cabinets, and interior decorative items -- especially flooring, stairs, and mouldings.

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General Information

Uses Availability Price
Furniture, interior decoration -- flooring, stairs, millwork, paneling, doors, household goods, woodenware. Widely available in thicknesses 4/4 through 8/4. Generally available 10/4 and thicker. Moderate to valuable.

Relative Working Properties

Machining Resistance to splitting in nailing Resistance to splitting in screwing Gluing
Excellent Good Excellent Good

Physical Properties

Specific gravity (12% m.c.) Average shipping weight kilograms (kg) per cubic metre (m3) air dry Average volumetric shrinkage (oven dry % of green) Modulus of rupture (kilopascals) Modulus of elasticity (megapascals) Side hardness (newtons)
0.63 640 16.1 99000 12500 5700