White Ash

Fraxinus americana

White Ash is a ring porous hardwood that is heavy, fairly hard, and very tough. Ash features a light colored, nearly white sapwood; heartwood is typically tan or light brown. Ash is of the olive tree family. It grows throughout the eastern part of the United States, and represents about 3-5% of the total hardwood timber stand. White Ash grows across the entire Appalachian area. Lowland ash is generally faster growing, lighter in weight and softer textured. Timber growing at higher elevations grows more slowly and is thus heavier and harder. Ash has excellent bending and finishing qualities.

General Information

Uses Availability Price
Furniture, paneling, flooring, fixtures, woodwork, bending stock, handles, sporting goods. Generally available in thicknesses from 4/4 through 12/4. Low to average.

Relative Working Properties

Machining Resistance to splitting in nailing Resistance to splitting in screwing Gluing
Excellent Good Excellent Good

Physical Properties

Specific gravity (12% m.c.) Average shipping weight kilograms (kg) per cubic metre (m3) air dry Average volumetric shrinkage (oven dry % of green) Modulus of rupture (kilopascals) Modulus of elasticity (megapascals) Side hardness (newtons)
0.6 594 13.3 106000 12000 5900